Kitchen Tips

How to clean and refinish kitchen cabinets

Cleaning and refinishing kitchen cabinets is a process that can be done in a few hours or it can take days. The time will depend on the size of the project and how much work needs to be done. Cleaning and refinishing
How to clean and refinish kitchen cabinets

House Home & Parts Fixtures Cupboards

Earlier than your purchase new cupboards

You’ll be amazed at how easy it’s to replace your kitchen with out tearing out your previous cupboards and fully transforming. By repainting the cupboards and putting in new doorways, you possibly can obtain a complete new take a look at a fraction of the price of new cupboards. To realize our dramatic new look, we took off the previous doorways and painted the cupboard frames with a black, satin-finish oil paint. Then we hung barely bigger cherry panel doorways with hid “Euro-style” hinges. This decreased the area between the doorways and eradicated hinge litter for a extra up to date look.

Reading: How to clean and refinish kitchen cabinets

Our kitchen design combines basic and up to date components for a recent, eclectic look that blends effectively with many residence types, however these methods work nice to create any type you want. For a extra conventional look, contemplate ordering raised-panel doorways, or order flush doorways for a smooth, trendy look. We’ll present you the right way to apply a clean and sturdy painted end to your cupboards, after which stroll you thru the method of ordering and putting in the right-sized cupboard doorways and hinges.

Is that this venture for you?

This refinish kitchen cupboards venture isn’t as concerned, or as messy, as a whole kitchen transform, but it surely’s nonetheless a serious enterprise. Be ready to commit three or 4 weekends, plenty of elbow grease and most brainpower. There’s not a lot carpentry work concerned, however you’ll need to plan rigorously and measure precisely to get the cupboard doorways proper. The portray is especially a matter of perseverance. You’ll spend plenty of time cleansing, sanding and spackling earlier than you possibly can even take into consideration placing on paint for the kitchen cupboard refinishing venture.

Along with the portray instruments listed beneath, you’ll want fundamental hand instruments plus a drill, a handsaw, a hot-melt glue gun, and a vacuum cleaner with a hose and fabric brush attachment.

For this refinishing cupboards venture we bought 16 cupboard doorways and eight drawer fronts together with new hinges. We discovered a big selection of ornamental glass at an area stained glass provide retailer and selected a “crossreeded” sample. The whole price of the cupboard renewal, not together with the bin pulls and knobs, was lower than half the price of commonplace new cupboards.

(For an additional method to renewing previous cupboards, see Cupboard Refacing.)

Ordering doorways and hinges: Learn how to make a fancy job straightforward

If you happen to’re pleased with the look of your previous cupboards and simply need to change the door type, merely measure the previous doorways and order new ones the identical measurement. Have 35mm holes drilled behind the doorways if you wish to use hid hinges like those we’re utilizing.

To realize the extra up to date look we present right here, you’ll need to order bigger doorways to cowl extra of the cupboard entrance (face body). It’s not so simple as simply ordering bigger doorways, although. For the reason that doorways will overlap the body farther than a traditional hinge permits, you’ll additionally need to order a particular hid “cup” hinge that matches right into a 35mm gap behind the door (Images 13 and 14). The hinge is connected to the face body of the cupboard with a separate piece known as a mounting plate. Mounting plates can be found in several sizes (1/4, 1/2, 5/8, 3/4, 1, 1-1/8, 1-1/4 and 1-3/8, and 1-3/8 to infinity) relying on how far you need the door to overlap the face body. Photograph 4 reveals the right way to measure every door opening for the correct-sized mounting plate.

We used Blum Compact 33 hinges (out there at woodworking shops or on-line), however different manufacturers can be found.

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The straightforward solution to measurement and measure for the brand new doorways is to put out the door and drawer spacing on the previous cupboard face body (Photograph 2). Use 1/2-in. masking tape to signify the area between doorways and drawers. Measure rigorously whenever you set up the tape since you’ll use it to find out door and drawer sizes (Photograph 3). The masking tape lets you visualize the spacing and work out particulars earlier than you order the doorways.

Figuring out the spacing between doorways is mainly a design determination, however there are some things to contemplate. The hinges we used permit the doorways to be hung as little as 3/8 in. aside, however spacing doorways this shut requires accuracy that’s arduous to attain on older cupboards. The nearer the doorways are to one another, the extra seen any deviation within the spacing turns into. We selected 1/2-in. spacing as a result of it allowed us slightly “cheating” room and nonetheless achieved the up to date look we have been after.

This can be a nice time to make adjustments to your cupboards, because you’ll be portray the frames and might simply fill seams and nail holes. We decreased the dimensions of the wall cupboard doorways to the left of the range and added a slender open shelf for cookbooks (Photograph 8). We additionally eradicated the reducing boards so we may make the drawer fronts taller, and added 3/4-in. strips to the cupboard above the range to enhance door alignment.

Whenever you’re pleased with the spacing and have double-checked the within corners to make sure drawers received’t collide after you’ve added the brand new pulls, you’re able to measure for and order the doorways and drawer fronts (Photograph 3). Order doorways from an organization that makes a speciality of constructing cupboard doorways, or discover a native cabinetmaker to construct them. Search on-line for “kitchen cabinet doors.” Go to native cupboard showrooms and take a look at cupboard door literature to decide on a door type you want.

Let the cupboard door maker know which model of 35mm hinge you propose to make use of and ask her or him to bore the holes for you. This service is effectively definitely worth the small further cost. In any other case you’ll have to purchase an costly 35mm bit and use a drill press or jig to bore the holes. Order particular doorways to just accept glass panels.

Door costs will fluctuate, relying on wooden kind and door type, with cherry and fewer widespread hardwoods as a lot as twice the price of oak.

Suggestions for a clean, sturdy paint job

As soon as the doorways are ordered, you may get to the enterprise of portray. Comply with the steps in Images 5 – 11 for a clean, sturdy end. We used oil paint (alkyd) on the cupboards, however fine quality (i.e.: the most costly) acrylic paint or water-based oil finishes do exactly as effectively if utilized correctly.

If you happen to use oil paint and the paint appears thick or sluggish, skinny it with as much as 6 ozs. of Penetrol paint conditioner per quart till it flows on easily. Two or three skinny coats of paint lead to a stronger, smoother end than one thick coat.

Everytime you use merchandise with natural solvents, like shellac or alkyd paint, present loads of air flow and put on a NIOSH-approved natural vapor respirator.

The primary requirement for a sturdy paint job is that each coat of paint bond effectively to the earlier layer. Be certain that the unique cupboard end is bonded tightly to the wooden by making a small “X” with a knife and sticking a bit of Scotch tape over the “X.” Now rip the tape off and see if it pulls any end with it. If it does, you need to strip off the unique end earlier than portray. Clear and sand the cupboards as proven in Photograph 5 to make sure bond to the unique end. We selected shellac as a primer for its means to cling tenaciously to most finishes. If you happen to use merchandise apart from what we’re recommending, comply with the producer’s suggestions and ensure they’re suitable with one another.

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For a flawless paint job, you should begin with a superbly clean floor, and keep a dust-free atmosphere when you’re portray. Comply with the filling, sanding and vacuuming procedures proven in Images 6 – 8. Fill giant holes and chipped edges with a two-part hardening-type filler like Minwax Excessive-Efficiency Wooden Filler, 12-Ounce Can #21600, out there by our affiliation with familycuisine.web. It’s extra sturdy, hardens shortly and received’t shrink like spackling. Sand rigorously, utilizing a vibrant gentle to examine your work.

Paint the insides of cupboards first, then begin on the prime of the face body and work down. Lay paint on shortly, then clean it out with lengthy, gentle brush strokes. All the time work from dry areas into painted areas. Work shortly and full an space earlier than shifting on so that you’re by no means brushing over partially dried paint. If paint sneaks onto an space you possibly can’t get to quickly (round a nook, for instance), use a rag dampened with mineral spirits to wipe the paint off. If a run or sag develops, or a hair or speck will get within the paint, let the paint dry and sand it out earlier than recoating.

Easy door hanging with trendy hid hinges

By now you’ll be fairly good with a paint brush, and simply in time, as a result of the brand new doorways will should be sealed (Photograph 12). You might be able to keep away from this process by ordering prefinished doorways. We completed our doorways with one coat of prestain conditioner, one coat of oil stain, and two coats of polyurethane varnish. The prestain conditioner helps forestall uneven stain penetration on blotchy woods like cherry, pine and birch. Flippantly sand and vacuum between varnish coats for max smoothness.

Images 13 and 14 present the right way to set up the hinges and dangle the doorways. That is the second of reality whenever you’ll discover out if the doorways you ordered actually match as deliberate. Single doorways normally don’t current an issue, however pairs that be part of within the middle are tough. Don’t panic in the event that they’re too tight or have too giant a spot between them. If the hinges don’t regulate far sufficient to appropriate the issue, change the mounting plates. For instance, if the doorways are too tight with 3/4-in. overlay plates, change the plates on one door to 1-in. overlay.

Tip: Order just a few further pairs of mounting plates with the following bigger and smaller overlay to permit most flexibility whenever you’re hanging the doorways.

In a pinch, it’s also possible to improve the area by chiseling a notch within the fringe of the face body for the mounting plate to drop into, or put a small shim below a mounting plate to cut back the area.

Alter the doorways up and down by shifting the mounting plate, and sideways by loosening the adjusting screw on the hinge. The adjusting screws appear to be Phillips head screws however are literally designed for use with a particular Pozi screwdriver. Pozi screwdrivers can be found the place hinges are bought. Set up and regulate the doorways earlier than putting in the drawer fronts. When all of the doorways and drawers fronts are on and adjusted, return and add the second screw to the hinge mounting plate and tighten all of the adjusting screws.

Now all that’s left to do is set up the drawer pulls and door handles (Photograph 17). As soon as issues begin wanting this good, it’s arduous to withstand making just a few extra adjustments. We stuffed the big area above the higher cupboard doorways with cherry boards, and added galvanized sheet steel to the backsplash space. The brand new counter tops are prefabricated plastic laminate (out there by lumberyards, residence facilities or on-line).

Further Data

  • Paint Provides Buying Record

Required Instruments for this refinish kitchen cupboards Venture

Have the mandatory instruments for this refinish kitchen cupboards DIY venture lined up earlier than you begin—you’ll save time and frustration.

  • 4-in-1 screwdriver
  • Belt sander
  • Clamps
  • Cordless drill
  • Drill bit set
  • Mud masks
  • Handsaw
  • Sizzling soften glue gun
  • Miter noticed
  • Paint scraper
  • Paintbrush
  • Putty knife
  • Security glasses
  • Sanding block
  • Self-centering drill bit
  • Store vacuum
  • Desk noticed
  • Tape measure
  • Wooden chisel

You’ll additionally want rubber gloves, an natural vapor respirator, a 3 1/2-in. versatile putty knife and a Pozi screwdriver.

Required Supplies for this refinish kitchen cupboards Venture

Keep away from last-minute procuring journeys by having all of your supplies prepared forward of time. Right here’s a listing.

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  • Cupboard knobs and pulls
  • Kitchen cupboard doorways and drawer fronts
  • No. 10 end washers
  • No. 8×1-1/4″ wooden screws
  • Sanding block
  • Sandpaper
  • Scrubbing pads

For an entire listing of portray provides, see Further Data.

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