How to grind coffee beans at home

If you are interested in making your own coffee at home, but don't know where to start, this article will help you. You'll learn how to grind beans for your coffee maker or french press and how to brew the perfect cup of

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From pour-over to French press, each brew technique wants a unique espresso grind texture for the right cup. Hold studying to decide on the suitable grinder, create a flawless consistency, and even learn to grind espresso beans at residence.

Why grind your espresso beans?

Espresso beans are roasted, then floor to assist brew robust taste into each cup. Throughout the brewing course of, sizzling water extracts soluble supplies from the beans like acid, sugar, caffeine, carbs, and lipids. By grinding your beans to the right texture, you will create a well-balanced cup of joe.

Reading: How to grind coffee beans at home

Consistency issues

Your grinds’ ultimate texture will depend on the brewing technique you employ, as you don’t need your sizzling water filtering by the grinds too slowly for an additional bitter, intense cup or too shortly, leading to a weak brew.

We’ll clarify beneath which brew strategies want which grind textures, however regardless of which one you employ, you will need your espresso beans floor into constant items. The water will not evenly filter should you combine massive chunks of espresso beans with tiny items, leaving you with an uneven brew.

Pre-ground espresso vs. entire bean espresso

Which is best – pre-ground espresso or entire bean? As soon as we roast entire espresso beans, they slowly lose their freshness as the within of the beans are uncovered to air, ultimately changing into stale. Which means espresso beans you order from the processing facility aren’t as contemporary as those you grind at residence.

Take pleasure in probably the most taste out of your espresso beans by grinding them shortly earlier than brewing. If you happen to’re a devoted espresso drinker like me, it is worthwhile to purchase your beans entire and put money into a comparatively cheap, good-quality bean grinder.

We advocate roasting your beans inside 30 days of shopping for and consuming inside 2 weeks of grinding.

The way to Grind Espresso Beans

To grind beans at residence, you’ll want a espresso grinder. The 2 most typical choices are the blade grinder and the burr grinder – and although each will get the job finished, there’s one clear winner.

Espresso grinder comparability: Blade vs. burr grinders

One of many keys to discovering simply the suitable grind lies within the consistency: does your grinder break your beans down into even, constant sizes, or are they far and wide?

A burr grinder is by far the perfect espresso grinder kind in the marketplace, although it’s normally priced as such and might set you again fairly a bit of money.

Whether or not you select a flat or conical burr grinder, you’ll find yourself with a really constant bean grind. Conical burr grinders work by pushing espresso beans between two flat rings and chewing by them, with the grinds falling by the burrs solely as they attain the specified measurement – this cuts down on the too large and too small bits in your brewer.

Whereas flat grinders do an important job, some items could turn out to be caught within the grooves, which might negatively have an effect on your grind outcomes. One other good factor about burr grinders is you don’t want to fret how lengthy to grind espresso beans. When the grinding finishes, the beans will all be within the receptacle on the backside.

A blade grinder is commonly your best option for an newbie espresso fan who’s trying extra for affordability than having fun with the subtleties of the best-tasting cup. The blade grinder received’t grind your beans completely, however they will provide you with freshly-ground beans, which matches an extended strategy to enhancing espresso’s style in comparison with pre-ground beans.

Espresso grinds: Why does measurement matter?

One other draw back to pre-ground espresso is there aren’t many grind measurement choices. And as you’ll see in our espresso grind chart beneath, measurement issues in relation to espresso grinds!

Espresso beans have largely insoluble compounds that must be extracted in a specific strategy to produce a satisfying cup. You want the correct coffee-to-water ratio, water temperature, and greatest brew time, together with the suitable grind.

How grind measurement impacts extraction and taste

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Grind measurement issues as a result of completely different sizes change the overall floor space of the beans. The finer the espresso grind, the extra floor space uncovered – the extra intensive floor space is greatest to extract all the important oils and flavors from the espresso bean throughout faster brew strategies.

In distinction, sluggish brew strategies want much less floor space to keep away from over-extracting your beans. The underside line is, should you pour water by a pile of rocks, it would circulate down nearly instantly, whereas operating water by sand gives extra resistance – the water takes longer to circulate to the underside.

Below-extraction occurs when your grinds are too coarse on your brew technique, making espresso style extremely acidic and bitter.

Over-extraction happens when your grinds are too delicate on your brew technique, making a cup of bitter, darkish espresso with all refined undertones misplaced.

Espresso grind chart

Now that you recognize why espresso grind measurement issues, how will you recognize when to make use of a rough floor espresso, medium-coarse grind, or medium-fine floor espresso? And what do these even seem like?

Check out our helpful espresso grind chart so you may simply acknowledge all the first espresso grind sizes.

  • Additional-coarse grind. 1.5 mm in measurement, this consistency appears like coarse rock salt.
  • Coarse grind. 1 mm in measurement, this texture appears like coarse sea salt.
  • Medium grind. 0.75 mm in measurement, this bean grind appears like grains of seashore sand.
  • Medium-fine grind. 0.5 mm in measurement, this texture appears like high quality desk salt.
  • Superb grind. 0.3 mm in measurement, this consistency appears like high quality, granulated sugar.
  • Superfine grind. 0.1 mm in measurement, this espresso grind resembles flour.

Grinding espresso beans in accordance with brew technique

Regardless of how you employ to make your espresso grinds at residence, we have you lined! Discover which considered one of espresso brewing strategies works one of the best for various kinds of espresso grind, then use a grinder above or select another espresso bean grinder technique beneath.

Grind: Additional-coarse

Texture: Coarsely floor black pepper

  • French Press

The French press makes use of an immersion brew technique during which the grounds make direct contact with boiling water earlier than being pressed by a mesh display. Due to the extended direct contact and the bigger holes within the mesh, utilizing a French press grind works greatest to maintain the sludge and grinds within the press as a substitute of your cup.

  • Chilly-Brew

Chilly-brew espresso brews at room temperature or colder, requiring an extended brew time. Persist with extra-coarse grinds to make sure you do not over-extract them all through the lengthy brewing time.

Bean Grind: Coarse

Texture: Coarse sea salt

  • Automated Drip Espresso Maker

Most espresso makers are easy, absolutely automated, pour-over drip brewers. The new water strikes by the beans within the filter at a medium fee of circulate, which requires a medium to coarse grind.

Bean Grind: Medium-coarse

Texture: Desk salt

  • Handbook Pour-Over

If you’re making espresso with a pour-over espresso maker and a gooseneck kettle, you will desire a medium grind to make sure the circulate fee is spot on. The handbook drip technique requires a barely finer grind than a drip espresso maker, because the brewer pours the water just a little faster than the machine.

Bean Grind: Medium

Texture: Desk salt

  • Aeropress

The Aeropress brews quicker than a pour-over, however this technique makes use of further strain to assist pace up the extraction course of. Use a medium grind, simply as you’ll for a pour-over grind.

Bean Grind: Superb

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Texture: Floor cinnamon spice

  • Espresso

Espresso beans are a really high quality texture for the steam extraction course of. Keep away from making it too high quality and powdery. In any other case, the water will circulate by channels within the grinds as a substitute of saturating all of them.

Bean Grind: Additional-fine

Texture: White flour

  • Turkish Espresso

Turkish espresso is prepared lightning-fast. Grind your beans extra-fine to completely extract the grinds as you brew.

The way to grind espresso with out grinder blades

Be taught simply how straightforward it’s to grind espresso beans at residence! You possible have a couple of easy instruments kicking round the home that you would be able to flip right into a selfmade grinder.

Possibility #1: Mortar and pestle

A mortar and pestle grind herbs and spices simply high quality, so why not use it on your espresso, too? The hammer and rolling motions assist create a reasonably constant texture.


  1. Fill your mortar with espresso beans. What number of espresso beans to grind will depend upon how a lot you are brewing, however begin with a couple of small scoops and, for greatest outcomes, fill it not more than ¼ full.
  2. Maintain the pestle in a single hand and the mortar within the different.
  3. Forcibly press the pestle down on the espresso beans with a crushing, twisting movement. Use the pestle to roll the bottom espresso within the mortar to test for consistency.

Possibility #2: Blender

Are you able to grind espresso beans in a blender? Completely! The blender chops espresso beans a lot in the way in which a blade grinder would. Beware that similar to an actual blade grinder, a blender will not offer you constant grinds.

Some high-end blenders embody a grinding pace setting meant for the duty! Persist with mixing the beans in fast bursts quite than constantly operating the blender to keep away from heating the beans’ oils, making an extra-bitter cup.


  1. Place your espresso beans in your blender’s base and safe the lid.
  2. Use the grinder setting in case your blender has one to course of the beans. If not, use medium-high pace to pulse your beans to your required texture.
  3. Tilt your blender back and forth as you grind to maintain the bigger beans near the blade, night out the grind.

Possibility #3: Rolling pin

A rolling pin is not simply meant for pie – you need to use it to crush your espresso beans in a pinch. You’ll be able to intently management the strain in your beans, which suggests your grinds ought to find yourself with a reasonably even texture. Get able to sweat as you crush these agency beans and learn to grind espresso beans with no grinder.


  1. Place some espresso beans in a zippered freezer bag or between two sheets of parchment paper, folding up the sides.
  2. Lay the bag (or paper) flat on the counter.
  3. Use your rolling pin to crush your beans by urgent down.
  4. As soon as crushed, begin rolling the pin over the beans with a lot of strain till you attain your required consistency.

Possibility #4: Knife

Grind your beans with the flat facet of a kitchen knife’s blade, not the sharp edge. Most butcher or chef’s knives work properly, as they’ve a broad, stiff blade with loads of contact space and leverage to crush the beans shortly.

This technique generally is a little difficult, but it surely gives loads of management over the grind.


  1. Place your espresso beans on a big reducing board.
  2. Place your knife’s facet on prime of the beans, with the blade’s sharp edge dealing with away from you. You’ll be able to place a towel over the knife to stop beans from flying as you’re employed.
  3. Place a flat palm on prime of the blade, and press all the way down to crush the beans.
  4. As soon as the beans break, proceed urgent down on the sting, pulling it barely in the direction of you for a finer grind.

Possibility #5: Meals processor

The meals processor works very like the blender, so it will not be supplying you with successful consistency, however it would actually work in a espresso emergency!


  1. Pour your espresso beans into the processor and safe the lid.
  2. Use a fast pulse approach as you run the processor – quick bursts solely.
  3. If you happen to’re in a position to tilt your processor because it runs, transfer it back and forth as you’re employed to even out the grind.

Now you know the way to grind espresso beans with no grinder and might simply begin grinding espresso beans at residence!

Closing notes on espresso grinding

We allow you to skip the complicated guesswork by choosing the right espresso bean on your brewing pleasure. We have even helped you decide the best brewing strategies.

Get peak freshness out of your favourite espresso beans by roasting and grinding them at residence, and fortunate for you, you do not have to have a kitchen equipment only for espresso grinding!

Whether or not you go all-out and put money into fancy espresso devices, or use a cheap grinder and occasional maker, probably the most essential side to a cup of espresso that tastes good is its freshness – attempt to grind your espresso at residence as a lot as you may!

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