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What is the best fish food

What is the best fish food? That's a very good question, and one that probably requires a lot of research. There are so many different types of fish out there, and each type has its own specific needs. However, for most
What is the best fish food

Right here’s the factor about fish meals:

It may be one of many greatest rip offs on this pastime. All of them have their slogans and gross sales pitches on the entrance of the package deal, however that doesn’t imply there’s a top quality product within the package deal.

Reading: What is the best fish food

On this information, I’ll present you what substances to search for (and what to keep away from so that you don’t get ripped off) and share with you what I think about (after over 20 years within the pastime) one of the best fish meals.

Fish Meals Product Desk

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The way to Select a Excessive-High quality Fish Meals

I’ll be straight with you, there are a number of main identify manufacturers which have significantly sub-par substances in them, however they proceed to be offered within the majority of shops regardless of this. And aquarists purchase them as a result of they simply plain don’t know any higher.

If you happen to take nothing else away from this text, I hope you be taught this: absolutely the primary factor to do is ignore the hype and gross sales pitch on the entrance of the package deal and try the substances checklist on the again.

Substances You Need

Right here’s a listing of the good things that you just wish to see as one of many principal substances in your fish meals:

  • Complete fish
  • Algae meal – often comprised of grinding up dehydrated Chlorella
  • Spirulina – a blue-green algae (technically a cyanobacteria) that’s wealthy in nutritional vitamins and minerals in addition to protein
  • Krill – small shrimp-like crustaceans
  • Squid meal
  • Black soldier fly larvae
  • Earthworms
  • Black worms

These are all high-quality meals sources which might be nutrient dense and simply digestible. A number of of those needs to be among the many first substances listed on the label.

Substances to Keep away from

Right here’s what you don’t wish to see in your fish meals.

Low-High quality Fish Meal

There are two sorts of fish meal. Excessive-quality fish meal is comprised of grinding complete fish that aren’t that nice for human consumption as a result of they’re small, bony and fatty. However they’re nice as an animal feed since they’re excessive in protein and Omega-3.

However, then there’s low high quality fish meal. It’s comprised of the leftovers of the fishing business. Fish processing vegetation minimize the meat off the fish, leaving the center, scales, pores and skin, bones and different completely gross stuff.

They collect all that fantastic rubbish collectively and grind it up. Sure, it does include protein, but it surely additionally accommodates quite a lot of indigestible issues, too and is de facto inferior in comparison with complete fish meal.

The issue is, most fish meals firms use the low-quality fish meal.

While you’re wanting on the label, if it simply says “fish meal,” greater than possible, it’s a budget stuff. Prime quality fish meal will often be listed as “whole fish meal” or will checklist the species of fish it’s product of, like “whole menhaden meal.”

Terrestrial grains/legumes

Fish can’t digest issues like soy or wheat gluten very nicely. Their methods simply haven’t advanced to interrupt down issues like that.

You’re by no means going to be hanging out subsequent to a area and all of a sudden see a marauding faculty of fish sweep in to eat up all of the wheat.

So substances like wheat and soy largely simply move by way of their digestive system as waste that then breaks down within the tank and fouls your water.

Even high quality meals do embody some terrestrial grain/legume merchandise, so you may’t get away from it utterly. However it’s higher to go together with a model the place terrestrial grain/legume shouldn’t be one of many high three substances. That manner, you realize it makes up a a lot decrease proportion of the meals.

Forms of Fish Meals

Okay, so now we all know what to search for in substances, let’s talk about the several types of meals accessible.


Substances are floor collectively, dehydrated, unfold paper skinny after which baked. Flake meals is finest for high and mid-water feeding fish. Backside feeders will eat flakes that sink to the substrate.


Pellets are much like flakes however they’re made into small, dense balls or sticks as an alternative of paper-thin flakes, sort of like canine kibble. Pellets might be floating, which is nice for high feeding fish, or sinking, which is best for mid-water and backside feeding fish. Pellets are a sensible choice for bigger fish, like South American cichlids.

Sinking Wafers

Similar to pellets, these are onerous disks of dry meals that instantly sink. They’re meant for bottom-dwelling critters, like catfish and plecos. These are sometimes offered beneath the identify “algae wafers,” however it’s important to watch out, many include little to no algae in any respect and are product of very poor substances.

Gel Meals

Gel meals is available in a powder that you just combine with boiling water. It units up right into a stiff gelatine, like Jello for fish. Imagine it or not, fish and invertebrates go loopy for these things. It’s particularly nice in case you have sick fish since you may combine medicines proper into the meals for simple supply.

Freeze Dried

Freeze dried meals are often complete substances, like complete bloodworms or brine shrimp, which were freeze dried. These have an incredible shelf life and are a wonderful solution to complement your fish’s staple weight-reduction plan.

However, freeze dried meals ought to simply be a deal with. It’s not likely sensible to make these the spine of your fish’s weight-reduction plan as a result of the amount you’d must feed your fish can be huge.


Frozen meals are complete substances which were collected and frozen into cubes that you just defrost and feed to your fish. Generally accessible meals embody bloodworms, brine shrimp, algae mixes or beef coronary heart.

These meals find yourself being about 70% water, so it’s essential to feed your fish a much bigger quantity than if you happen to have been feeding a dry meals.

I additionally advocate that you just keep away from beef coronary heart. It’s actually widespread with some discus breeders, however this type of protein can tax a fish’s kidneys and shorten their lifespan.

Stay Meals

Stay meals are some sort of small critter that you just feed to your fish. It could possibly be small invertebrates like daphnia, brine shrimp or ghost shrimp. Some aquarists feed guppies, minnows or goldfish to their giant predatory fish.

Frankly, I don’t assume this can be a nice thought since “feeder” species are raised as cheaply as attainable, usually beneath very poor circumstances. A feeder fish is just as nutritious as what it’s been consuming.

So, a scrawny, half-starved feeder fish doesn’t actually present that a lot diet. You additionally danger parasites and ailments being unfold from the feeder fish to the fish in your show tank.

Finest Fish Meals Reviewed

Okay, so know you perceive extra on what you want out of your fish meals, listed here are my opinions for the highest selections.

1. Zoo Med Spirulina 20 Flakes

  • Weight-reduction plan: omnivore/herbivore
  • Dimension of Fish: might be crushed to smaller items for tiny fish or fed as is for bigger fish
  • Water Degree: high

Spirulina 20 is made up of massive inexperienced flakes good for bigger fish. The flakes can be crushed up for smaller fish.

This meals accommodates actually superior substances like spirulina, krill and plankton meal. I’ve personally used this meals and located it could assist enhance shade, particularly blues and greens.

It additionally accommodates salmon meal as an alternative of generic fish meal.

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It’s solely draw back is that soy flour is close to the highest on the ingredient checklist, however in any other case this can be a top quality meals that makes an incredible staple weight-reduction plan.


  • Coloration enhancing meals with high quality substances
  • Giant flakes are nice for larger fish or just break them up for smaller critters
  • Incorporates salmon meal


  • Does include some terrestrial grains/legumes

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2. Omega One Freshwater Flakes

  • Weight-reduction plan: carnivore/omnivore
  • Dimension of Fish: small to medium
  • Water Degree: high and mid-water

Omega One makes use of wonderful substances like complete salmon, herring, halibut and cod, together with complete shrimp and kelp.

All these high quality substances assist to naturally improve fish coloration.

I’m a giant believer on this model’s merchandise and have fed them to my fish for years.

It does include some terrestrial grains/legumes, however they’re fairly far down on the substances checklist.

I’ve by no means had a fish flip these things down, even actually choosy eaters.


  • Prime quality protein sourced from complete fish
  • Even choosy eaters love this meals
  • Naturally shade enhancing


  • Does include some terrestrial grains/legumes, however that is minimal

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3. Fluval Bug Bites Cichlid Method (Pellets

  • Weight-reduction plan: carnivore/omnivore
  • Dimension of Fish: medium to giant
  • Water Degree: high and mid-water

Fluval Bug Bites is a relative newcomer to the market. The primary two substances are dried black fly larvae and salmon, each wonderful protein sources which might be simply digestible by fish.

The soldier larvae is de facto nice as a result of bugs are part of the weight-reduction plan of most freshwater fish. So this mimics what they’d eat in nature. And since black fly larvae don’t have an exoskeleton, they’re virtually pure protein.

I feed this to my large Texas cichlid and he goes utterly bonkers for it. He virtually comes out of the tank to get to them.

My one qualm is that it additionally does include fish protein focus and potato, not essentially the most pure substances for fish, however the truth that the pellets are 40% black soldier fly larvae sort of makes up for this.


  • Prime quality substances that present pure proteins
  • Doesn’t include terrestrial grains/legumes
  • Fish appear to like it


  • Does include some processed substances

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4. Omega One Tremendous Coloration Veggie Kelp Floating Pellets

  • Weight-reduction plan: carnivore/omnivore
  • Dimension of Fish: medium
  • Water Degree: high

As soon as once more, Omega One busts out the top quality substances, together with salmon, complete herring and shrimp, in addition to kelp and spirulina.

The salmon and shrimp will assist improve purple coloration and the kelp and spirulina are nice for bringing out blues and greens.

These are an incredible floating pellet for top-feeding fish like gouramis, angelfish or giant tetras. The pellets do float for a very long time, so that they’re not likely suited to mid-water or backside feeding fish.

My solely sticking level is that there’s some wheat flour among the many high substances.


  • High notch substances
  • Naturally shade enhancing
  • Pellets float for a very long time


  • Does include wheat flour
  • Solely suited to top-feeding fish

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5. Fluval Hagen Vegetarian Pellets

  • Weight-reduction plan: herbivore
  • Dimension of Fish: medium to giant
  • Water Degree: backside

Right here’s what I really like about these Fluval Vegetarian Pellets: the primary ingredient is spirulina. So many manufacturers put out meals that’s alleged to be meant for herbivores, however the first 4 or 5 substances are all some kind of animal protein.

And what animal protein this does include is top quality herring meal and krill.

This meals additionally accommodates tons of veggies like peas, cabbage, carrots, garlic and spinach. It could make an incredible staple weight-reduction plan for herbivorous fish, like silver {dollars} or Mbuna cichlids.

They’re actually nice for goldfish. Because the pellet sinks to the underside of the tank, goldfish can gobble them up with out swallowing air, which may get trapped of their intestines and hurt them.

They usually present the fiber and plant-based weight-reduction plan goldfish want.


  • Nice herbivorous weight-reduction plan
  • Animal protein sources are high-quality
  • Sinking pellets will hold goldfish from swallowing air


  • Does include small quantities of wheat

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Particular Phrase on Sinking Wafers

I’ll be trustworthy with you, the VAST majority of sinking wafers available on the market are horrible. Check out the ingredient lists on a few of them and also you’ll discover that meals sources like spirulina or algae meal are 9 or 10 objects down the checklist.

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And lots of rely totally on fish meal as their protein supply.

After greater than a dozen totally different ones, I’ve solely discovered one model I’m pleased with.

6. Omega One Veggie Rounds

  • Weight-reduction plan: herbivore or omnivore
  • Dimension of Fish: any measurement fish can snack on these as soon as they soften up a bit bit
  • Water Degree: backside

I’ve poured over the ingredient lists of each main model of “algae wafer” available on the market. Arms down, Omega One is one of the best, though it does go away a bit to be desired.

Not like some manufacturers, which might be made largely of terrestrial grains/legumes, Omega One’s wafers include kelp and spirulina, though they’re respectively the fifth and seventh objects on the checklist.

The primary substances are salmon and complete herring but it surely does additionally include a excessive proportion of wheat flour. Wheat germ and rice bran are additionally fairly prevalent. They’re used so as to add fiber and assist digestion.

So regardless that these wafers have one of the best ingredient checklist available on the market, they’re not good.


  • Incorporates kelp and spirulina
  • Prime quality protein sources


  • Excessive proportion of terrestrial grains/legumes

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7. Repashy SuperGreen Gel Meals

  • Weight-reduction plan: herbivore
  • Dimension of Fish: any
  • Water Degree: backside

SuperGreen sports activities 5 totally different sorts of algae and doesn’t include any kind of animal protein.

It’s the only finest meals for herbivorous fish that I’ve discovered. The gel might be utilized to tiles or driftwood in order that grazing fish can slowly munch on it. Or, you may drop cubes or slabs of it that may sink to the underside of the tank.

SuperGreen is good for algae-eating fish, like plecos or Mbuna.

Plus, substances like hibiscus powder and turmeric assist improve shade.

Technically, it sinks so it’s alleged to be for backside feeding fish solely, however I’ve seen loads of mid and top-water fish swim all the way down to eat it.


  • Purely herbivorous weight-reduction plan with 5 totally different algaes
  • Wonderful for fish that wish to graze or slowly nibble at meals
  • A number of shade enhancing substances
  • No terrestrial grains/legumes
  • Extremely digestible


  • You need to combine it up your self

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8. Hikari Bio-Pure Freeze Dried Spirulina Brine Shrimp Cubes

  • Weight-reduction plan: carnivore/omnivore
  • Dimension of Fish: any
  • Water Degree: any

This meals is made up of freeze dried brine shrimp with spirulina combined in, and that’s it. No fillers of any sort, no terrestrial grains/legumes.

It is a nice complement to your fish’s staple weight-reduction plan that provides some additional protein. And fish go bananas for it, so it’s an incredible deal with.

Brine shrimp are tiny, so little fish may have no hassle in any respect snatching some up. Greater fish will simply tear off mouthfuls of the dice and even eat the entire dice.

You may also press a dice to the facet of the tank and fish will come up and nibble on it.

Some fish are messy eaters with this so uneaten shrimp find yourself sinking into the substrate. Simply be conscious of it, control them and vacuum the gravel if wanted.


  • Wonderful protein complement
  • Tasty deal with for fish
  • No terrestrial grains/legumes


  • Could be a bit messy within the tank

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9. Omega One Freeze Dried Krill

  • Weight-reduction plan: carnivore/omnivore
  • Dimension of Fish: medium to giant
  • Water Degree: high and mid-water

The identify says all of it, it’s only a container filled with freeze dried krill.

Because it’s the entire krill, it may be too large for medium sized fish to eat. However you may simply crumble it up earlier than including it to the tank so it’s smaller.

It is a nice complete meals complement that the majority fish go loopy for. It’s wealthy in protein so it’s a extremely wholesome deal with on your fish.

Krill may include giant quantities of carotenoids so consuming them helps convey out reds and pinks in fish coloration.


  • No fillers or terrestrial grains/legumes
  • Excessive protein content material
  • Tasty deal with that fish love
  • Naturally enhances coloration


  • I can’t actually consider any

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Remaining Phrases on Fish Meals

Crucial factor about searching for fish meals is to overlook concerning the hype and have a look at the checklist of substances. You could be shocked to seek out that quite a lot of identify manufacturers include low high quality substances that aren’t good on your fish.

Do your finest to keep away from manufacturers which might be excessive in terrestrial grains/legumes since fish don’t digest these. These substances simply move by way of the digestive system, offering little profit, and inflicting extra waste.

I hope that I’ve shared with you a strong newbie’s information so that you could make knowledgeable choices. If you happen to’re going to half along with your hard-earned money, you and your fish ought to reap the best attainable profit.

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