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What is the best food for guinea pigs

Guinea pigs are a small rodent that is generally kept as a pet. They are typically fed on hay and vegetables, with some fruit serving as treats.
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What is the best food for guinea pigs

Guinea pigs are herbivores, so their food regimen ought to be one based mostly on high-quality guinea pig hay, pelleted guinea pig meals and restricted quantities of recent greens and recent fruit. An imbalance in vitamin could cause persistent diarrhea, weight problems and illnesses of the guts, liver or kidneys. Step by step introduce new meals to your guinea pig’s food regimen as abrupt or vital dietary modifications could cause issues (equivalent to diarrhea).

Feed your guinea pig on a constant schedule, twice a day, morning and night. Guinea pigs will overeat if given the prospect, so, to stop weight problems, take away pelleted meals that’s left uneaten after one hour and discard recent fruits or greens which might be left uneaten after 24 hours. By no means add new meals, together with hay, earlier than cleansing out the previous meals.

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Recent, filtered, chlorine-free water have to be always obtainable, particularly throughout hotter climate, as guinea pigs are inclined to warmth stroke. Their water consumption ought to be no less than 5 ounces every day. Rinse your guinea pig’s water bottle out every day and clear with scorching water and a bottle brush weekly.

Desk of Contents

  • What guinea pigs can eat
  • Meals guinea pigs can’t eat
  • Scurvy in guinea pigs and the necessity for Vitamin C
  • Associated articles

What guinea pigs can eat

Hay: Hay is a crucial a part of your pet’s food regimen. Guinea pigs require this sort of fiber for correct digestion; subsequently, it have to be obtainable always. Chewing on hay additionally helps to put on down your guinea pig’s enamel, which develop constantly. Be sure to buy recent, high-quality, clear hay that’s dry, sweet-smelling and freed from mould. A high-quality meadow hay equivalent to Timothy hay is a superb selection.

Pellets: Industrial guinea pig meals is specifically formulated to offer balanced vitamin with the best dosage of Vitamin C and different important vitamins. Select pelleted meals that has been veterinarian-tested and accredited and observe the feeding directions on the packaging as a information.

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Greens: Guinea pigs can have as much as one cup of greens every day. New greens ought to be launched to your pet separately. Recent, organically grown greens are the best choice. Greens that your pet guinea pig can eat embrace:

  • Romaine lettuce (by no means iceberg lettuce)
  • Carrots and carrot tops
  • Peas
  • Broccoli spears
  • Spinach
  • Artichokes
  • Kale
  • Tomatoes (not the stems or leaves)
  • Inexperienced and crimson bell peppers
  • Different darkish inexperienced veggies

These veggies present nutritional vitamins and minerals which might be helpful to your guinea pig’s general well being. Wash all produce completely to take away traces of dangerous pesticides and keep away from serving greens chilly.

Fruits: Typically talking, goal to feed fewer fruits than greens, as a result of greater sugar content material. Small, bite-sized parts of fruit served every day will delight your guinea pig and supply much-needed Vitamin C. Fruits guinea pigs can eat embrace:

  • Oranges
  • Apples
  • Pears
  • Strawberries
  • Blueberries
  • Kiwi
  • Papayas
  • Peaches
  • Cucumbers

Keep in mind to additionally completely wash all fruits earlier than serving them to your guinea pig and keep away from serving fruit chilly.

fruits and vegetables guinea pigs can eat

Treats & chews: It is beneficial that treats (together with fruit) not exceed 10 % of your guinea pig’s complete meals consumption. Some commercially produced treats include synthetic sweeteners, sugar or salt, so rigorously learn labels when deciding on wholesome choices on your familycuisine.web your guinea pig’s enamel develop constantly, you need to present quite a lot of enjoyable chews, together with sticks, toys, balls, blocks and treats made particularly for small animals. Not solely are they enjoyable on your guinea pig to chew on, additionally they assist to alleviate boredom. One other deal with possibility is a small animal salt lick, which is a wealthy supply of wholesome minerals and is a wholesome approach to fulfill your guinea pig’s need for salt.

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Cecotropes: Nature has supplied guinea pigs with an uncommon methodology for supplementing their distinctive dietary wants. Cecotropes are small, smooth pellets that include vitamins absorbed from crops in the course of the digestive course of. They cross from the massive gut, out the anus and are consumed instantly. Whereas this course of might look weird and even revolting, it’s essential to not discourage it as cecotropes are a essential a part of your guinea pig’s food regimen.

Meals guinea pigs can’t eat

There are a a number of sorts of meals that you need to keep away from giving your guinea pig, for varied causes. Some meals will be toxic, some are too excessive in fats or sugar, some are a choking hazard, some don’t have any dietary worth, some could cause gasoline and a few could cause bloat. You’ll be able to consult with books on guinea pig care or respected web sites (such because the ASPCA), however ideally, you need to seek the advice of an unique animal veterinarian or a veterinarian that focuses on small animals for dietary tips.

A brief record of the meals to keep away from feeding your guinea pig contains:

  • Chocolate (or anything containing caffeine)
  • Onions
  • Garlic
  • Mushrooms
  • Iceberg lettuce
  • Avocados
  • Nuts
  • Potatoes
  • Seeds
  • Corn kernels
  • Peanut butter
  • Rhubarb
  • Cabbage
  • Bok choy
  • Dairy merchandise
  • Bread
  • Meat

You also needs to by no means provide your guinea pig any crops, flowers or grass out of your yard or backyard as they could include pesticides or different hazards; many houseplants are additionally poisonous, so all the time supervise your little pet once they out of their habitat.

Scurvy in guinea pigs and the necessity for Vitamin C

Guinea pigs have an elevated threat of creating a Vitamin C deficiency known as scurvy on account of their incapacity to synthesize the vitamin. To fight scurvy, your guinea pig wants 30-50 mg of Vitamin C every day. Pellets and treats fortified with Vitamin C ought to present your guinea pig’s every day wanted consumption, however there are additionally extra choices. When you can present Vitamin C in liquid or pill type, these choices are less-commonly used. Supplementing with treats within the type of citrus fruit and veggies permits you to present Vitamin C from pure sources, whereas nonetheless giving him the chance to benefit from the variety and success that comes from a well-balanced food regimen.

In case you ever discover something out of the unusual together with your guinea pig, take them to their veterinarian immediately. Indicators of potential sickness embrace sneezing, crusty eyes, weight reduction, hair loss and diarrhea. With correct care, you’ll be able to anticipate your guinea pig to dwell as much as eight years. Like every other pet, it is essential on your guinea pig to get annual check-ups. Seek the advice of together with your veterinarian to make sure that your guinea pig is getting the correct vitamin they want.

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