1. Allergies and Skin Problems
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has a sleek coat and healthy skin. However, the skin is susceptible to allergic reactions such as those caused by food allergy. These skin sensitivities create discomfort and pain for your dog that impacts their daily lives negatively.
When your King Charles Spaniel experiences excessive itching, causing damage to the skin from the constant scratching and self-biting to relieve the itchiness. If not handled on time, yeast and bacteria infections may develop leaving your Charles Spaniel irritable.
Cavalier Spaniels develop allergies in specific areas in their bodies mainly the face area, legs, paws, sides, and hind end. If you notice your Charles Spaniel regularly itching, biting, and dandruff falling off from any of these areas, it’s time to visit your dog’s veterinarian.
Genetics and the environment play major roles in your Cavalier King Charles Spaniel getting skin allergies. A primary cause of skin allergies in King Charles is internal food intolerance especially to protein such as chicken meal and beef meal. Additionally, fillers, additives, and chemical preservatives in dog food for cavalier are known elements that trigger skin issues in cavalier dogs.
King Charles Spaniels are genetically predisposed to developing ichthyosis. A severe skin condition that causes scaly and dry flakes. Your dog suffers this condition early in life and unfortunately, it remains untreatable.
Environmental triggers include fleas, dust mites, pollen, mold, and household chemicals. For fleas, medication and regular dog cleaning should remedy the situation. As dog owners, do purchase medicated shampoos and essentials oil such as fish oil to help your dog with the problems.
Otherwise, for pollen, mold, and household chemicals, remains your responsibility to keep it away from your Charles Spaniel dog reach. But using the best dry food ensures your dog’s healthy coat and skin is catered for holistically.
2. Hip Dysplasia
Hip dysplasia  or Patellar Luxation is a common genetic disease that can affect Cavalier King Charles Spaniels. These conditions develop as your cavalier grows and if they do not get proper exercise. For a proper diagnosis, a vet performs an x-ray on your King Charles Spaniel.
As your Cavalier King Charles Spaniel approaches the ages of 4 to 6 months, you might observe a genetic defect of the knee and femur knowns as luxating patella. In severe situations, a veterinarian might advise for a surgical procedure.
The grading system for the patella runs from one tight knee – four a loose knee cap that is easily displaced. If your Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has grade one or two, physical rehabilitation therapy combined with exercises, the condition might reduce avoiding potential surgery. Grade 3-4 are most critical and might warrant surgery to correct the problem avoiding arthritis and lameness in the particular Cavalier King Charles Spaniel limb.
If your Cavalier King Charles Spaniel shows symptoms ranging from mild discomfort to chronic pain with partial paralysis, unfortunately, they are suffering a condition known as syringomyelia.
This condition affects the brain and spine of your dog. A malfunction in the lover back of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel’s skull reduces the available space to the brain. This causes compression and eventually forcing it out through the spinal cord opening.
The herniation blocks cerebral spinal fluid from flowing around the brain and spine in your Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. Eventually, the fluid increases pressure causing turbulence believed to create fluid pockets or syrinxes in the spinal cord. Hence the conditions name syringomyelia.
Most dogs evade this condition. However recent international research continues to indicate at least 90% of Cavalier King Charles Spaniels suffer the malfunction. The studies inform that between 30-70% of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel breed have syrinxes. According to Clare Rusbridge a research scientist, 85% of symptomatic dogs may show the effects and feel pain between six months to four eyes of age.
The symptoms include;
- Your Cavalier King Charles Spaniel experiences sensitivity around the head, neck, and shoulders area. This is evident from your dog’s whimpering sounds while scratching the side regions on the body.
- You might notice a lot of air scratching with your Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, no skin contact while scratching
- Rapidly appearing scoliosis on the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel’s back.
- In severe cases, your cavalier may show low awareness of their body position, especially with their front limbs. This creates clumsiness and falling frequently.
If you notice any of the above signs in your King Charles Spaniel, please pay a veterinarian a visit to rule out syringomyelia. Your vet might recommend an MRI to confirm the grade. He then issues a signed certificate indicating the severity of.
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